A tooth extraction is a fairly common procedure. Most commonly, the wisdom teeth must be removed because there isn’t enough room in your mouth for them to emerge fully without displacing other teeth. Extractions are generally performed under local anesthesia with or without sedation, but in cases where the removal is more complex, your dentist might recommend general anesthesia.
Types of Anesthesia Used for Tooth Extraction
For a simple extraction, your dentist might use local anesthesia. This numbs the area adjacent to the tooth so it can be comfortably removed. You will feel pressure but no discomfort. However, if you prefer, your dentist can add sedation to reduce any anxiety you might experience and to help improve your level of comfort. Sedation can also make time seem to go faster, and creates complete relaxation.
Sometimes, a tooth extraction is more complicated. This is a common occurrence with wisdom teeth, which can become impacted. They are unable to completely emerge, or do not emerge at all, because they are wedged against other teeth. In this case, the dentist or oral surgeon must perform a more invasive procedure. This can involve removing gum and bone tissue in order to expose the tooth. Your dentist might even cut the tooth into pieces in order to extract it. In these cases, general anesthesia is usually recommended.
Why Would I Need to Have a Tooth Removed?
Teeth require extraction for various reasons. The most common include:
- The tooth has become impacted and cannot emerge from the gums
- The tooth has been seriously damaged
- The tooth is severely decayed
- A tooth must be removed to allow space for other teeth, as part of orthodontic treatment
Sometimes, a damaged or severely decayed tooth can be treated with a root canal procedure, but in other cases extraction is a better option. During orthodontic treatment, your orthodontist may also use other methods to increase the space in your mouth, such as palate expanders. Your dentist will discuss all treatment possibilities with you so you can decide which is most appropriate for you. Contact us at Newton Dental Group today!